how to make a water soluble film

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How to Make a Water Soluble Film


Water soluble films are a versatile and eco-friendly product that has gained popularity in various industries. These films can dissolve completely in water, leaving no trace of waste behind. From packaging to personal care products, water soluble films offer numerous advantages. In this article, we will explore the step-by-step process of making a water soluble film, highlighting the materials required and the applications it can be used for.

Materials Required:

To create a water soluble film, you will need the following materials:

1. Polymer: The most important component of a water soluble film is the polymer. Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) is the commonly used polymer due to its excellent water solubility. It is available in both powder and solid forms.

2. Plasticizer: A plasticizer is added to improve the flexibility and stretchability of the film. Glycerol is a commonly used plasticizer that enhances the film's mechanical properties.

3. Solvent: Water is the primary solvent used in the manufacturing process. It dissolves the polymer and helps in forming a homogenous solution.

4. Colorants and additives: Depending on the desired end use, you may need to incorporate colorants or additives such as antimicrobial agents or UV stabilizers.

5. Film-making equipment: You will require a film-making machine, which includes a gravure coater, drying oven, and slitting machine. These machines will facilitate the film's uniform coating, drying, and cutting processes.

Step 1: Preparing the Polymer Solution

To begin, measure the desired quantity of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) powder and add it to distilled water in a clean and dry container. Stir the mixture using a magnetic stirrer to ensure proper dissolution. The amount of PVA used depends on the desired thickness of the film. Stir the solution until a uniform consistency is achieved.

Step 2: Adding Plasticizer and Additives

Once the PVA is dissolved, add the plasticizer to the solution. Glycerol is commonly used as a plasticizer for water soluble films. The addition of glycerol enhances the film's flexibility and prevents it from becoming brittle. If desired, add colorants or any other additives to the solution at this stage. Mix the solution thoroughly to distribute the additives evenly.

Step 3: Coating the Solution

Now it's time to coat the solution onto a substrate. The most common technique for coating is the gravure coater. In this method, the solution is poured onto a smooth and clean roller, which then transfers the solution onto a substrate. Adjust the coating thickness by controlling the temperature, speed, and pressure settings of the coater. Ensure that the solution is evenly spread to avoid any defects in the film.

Step 4: Drying the Film

After coating, the film needs to be dried to remove the water and solvent content. Transfer the coated film onto a drying conveyor belt or inside a drying oven. Set the appropriate temperature for drying, ensuring that it does not exceed the temperature at which the film starts to degrade. The drying time will vary depending on the thickness of the film. Monitor the process closely to prevent over-drying or under-drying.

Step 5: Cutting and Packaging

Once the film is completely dry, it can be cut into the desired size using a slitting machine. The film can be cut into sheets, rolls, or specific shapes depending on the end use. Properly package the water soluble film to protect it from moisture and external damage. Use appropriate packaging materials to ensure the film's integrity during storage or transportation.

Applications of Water Soluble Films:

1. Packaging Industry: Water soluble films are widely used in the packaging industry for various products like detergents, fertilizers, agrochemicals, and dyes. These films provide convenience and reduce packaging waste, as they dissolve completely when in contact with water.

2. Laundry Products: Water soluble films find extensive use in laundry pods and detergent sheets. The film encapsulates the detergent, which dissolves when it comes into contact with water, thus releasing the cleaning agents.

3. Personal Care Products: Water soluble films are used in the production of personal care products such as bath salts, soap strips, and face masks. The films are convenient, hygienic, and dissolve easily, ensuring no residue is left behind.

4. Healthcare Industry: Water soluble films are utilized in the medical and healthcare sectors for applications like wound care products and disposable medical products. These films provide an easy and safe way to handle medical waste, as they dissolve in water without compromising hygiene.

5. Agrochemicals: Water soluble films aid in the controlled release of agrochemicals and fertilizers. The films ensure precise delivery of the chemicals, preventing nutrient loss, and reducing environmental pollution.


Water soluble films offer a sustainable and innovative solution to various industries. By following the step-by-step process mentioned above, you can create your own water soluble films with ease. These films are not only environmentally friendly but also provide convenience and efficiency in daily applications. Embrace the power of water soluble films and contribute to a greener and cleaner future.


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